After the stunning and surprising success of "Star Wars"
, which is not only a succussful in theaters but also has become a culturla phenomenon, it was only a matter of time until the dicision to do a sequel was made because the plot of "Star Wars"
hasn't been entirely told so far. The Empire hasn't been defeated, Luke hasn't become a Jedi and Han still on Jabba's headhunter list. Due to George Lucas, who was uncertain wheather or not the first movie would become a huge success, he ordered a book for a sequel (actually he also mad a bet with Steven Spielberg and promised 2.5% of his profit when "Star Wars"
would become more successful than "Close encounter of the third kind" - even today Spielberg gets hits 2.5.%). The book was called "Splinter of the mind’s eye", it was about Luke Skywalker protecting the Kaiburr crystal from Darth Vader. He also chopped of his arm in a fight. That way he attempted to break new ground for a possible continuation of the saga. These days, spin-offs in the form of comics, games, novels and short stories are an important part of the enrite saga. But only because of the amazing success of the first Star Wars movie, the way for a true movie saga was clear.
Already in 1978 the pre-production of the next "Star Wars" chapter with the less sensational title "The Empire Strikes Back" bagan. This time neither trouble nor expensed were spared to bring Lucas' vision on the big screen. Unbelievable 33 millions USD just for the production were estimated - a tremendous amount of money in 1978 (just for comparison: "Star Wars"
cost 10 millions, Spielberg's "Close encounter of the third kind" 19.4 millions and even that almost bankrupted Columbia). And they didn't make the effort to lower the production costs. On the contrary, instead of going to Tunesia to illustrate Tatooine, the team went to Norway for the exterior shots of Hoth. But the local weather created sth. like an ice planet, which made it impossible for the crew to go outside for days because the equipment would have been in danger with a tempurate of -29 degrees celsius. To avoid wasting time, at least some scenes in the ice were shot: while the camera was placed in the hotel lounge, Mark Hamill was walking around in the snow in a distance of just a couple of meters. But also the SFX shots were more difficult than expected. Not only that the SFX turned out to be more complex - instead a dogfight between Tie Fighter and X-Wing, an entire field of asteroids with a lot of elements in it had to be animated - but they were also out of luck. After weeks of building the Millenium Falcon detail by detail, the entire set burned down even before the shooting.
"The Empire Strikes Back" also became a sinister episode in Lucas' personal life. Lucas had already given up the job as director to focus on the production of the saga, but private problems - his marriage went down due to the enormous stress at work - finally were one reason that the "Star Wars" saga needed to be minimized.
But it was worth the effort. "The Empire Strikes Back" is considered the best part of the saga among fans plus it's considered one of the best sequels in movie history ever. Being pretty successful at the box office, the movie 538.375.067 USD worldwide (inflation-adjusted 2010: 1.338.311.602 USD). Even the critics were delighted about the conversion of the saga, although some few citized that the plot lacks an ending and that some questions remained open. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Science rewarded the effort of the SFX crew with 2 Oscars - one of them for best sound design again, the other one a special Oscar for the SFX.
In the following I'd like to explain the original conception of the entire "Star Wars"
saga, as designed before and after "The Empire Strikes Back".
The fact that the "Star Wars"
saga originally had a complete different concept and direction, has already been mentioned in the previous comparison
. After the tremendous success of the first movie, George Lucas still had much more complex and bigger saga in mind. In 1978, the New York Times reported that 10 movies had been scheduled - that statement has never been officially confirmed, so let's just say that the Times wasn't completely wrong. In fact nine movies were scheduled. The following part is about the scheduled ennealogie plus the direction of the sequel "The Empire Strikes Back" in the first phase.
II. a) Nine films to rule them all!
These days, George Lucas doesn't get tired of emphasizing that the "Star Wars" saga consists of six movies. But it wasn't always like that. After the successful release of "Star Wars"
, different ideas came up. George Lucas had an epic saga in mind, which stretches for several decades and consists of three trilogies in total. Even at the set of "Star Wars"
, he asked Mark Hamill if he could imagine to return to his character 30 years later in a new movie. At least that's how Mark Hamill remembers it.
"He talked about doing a VII, VIII, IX. You know when I first did this, it was four trilogies. 12 movies! [...] He said the first trilogy's darker, more serious. [...] I said, 'Well, what do you want me to do?' He said, 'You'll just be like a cameo. You'll be like Obi Wan handing the lightsaber down to the next new hope.' [...] So I went, 'Sure.' But I thought he just realized that he's going to be doing it the rest of his life and he'd rather not do that."
- Mark Hamill, September 2004
That gives us a clue that another trilogy, which takes places after the events of "Return Of The Jedi", was supposed to beome real. How far the plans for 12 movies (according to Hamill) were preceded is uncertain. Of course one shouldn't interpretate too much in it, because some incidentally-mentioned thoughts shouldn't always be considered for real. Gary Kurtz, producer of "Star Wars"
, often explains that even the first movie hadn't originally been a part of a trilogy. The vague idea of a saga was existent, but the movie itself was designed as a stand-alone project.
"When it opened, and it was quite popular, the idea of doing a sequel came back. So immediately, the idea was – all right, let's sit down, find a writer, and do a proper job on this treatment material and odd notes and things that we already had extracted from the first time around. Because George originally wrote a lot of different – well, you've probably read some of the different versions of the screenplay. The story shifted back and forth a great deal. But in some original notes that were actually before the treatment, before the first screenplay, there was a lot more material – a lot more convoluted story structure and stuff about the long history. In the end, we opted to pick what we thought was a good, rousing adventure story out of the middle of all this material. That's why, in a way, Star Wars looks like it's, as a lot of people said, Chapter 10 of the Flash Gordon serial."
- Gary Kurtz, 2004
After it was clear that FOX was totally psyched about the idea of shooting another movie, Lucas took the offenise in public as well and spread his idea. In the introduction of the first official "Star Wars"
novel "Splinter of the mind's eye", George Lucas confirmed it:
"As the saga of the Skywalkers and Jedi Knights unfolded, I began to see it as a tale that could take at least nine films to tell - three trilogies."
- George Lucas, 1978
So, the question is: what would Lucas' originally ennealogie be about? There's nothing to discuss about the prequels because the already existed in a to the old movies very similar concept (Fall of the republic, extinction if the Jedi, rise of the Empire). But when it comes to Episode VII, VIII and IX, the ideas get seperated. Orginally, Luke Skywalker was supposed to return as an old Jedi Master to teach the next generation facing the danger - as described by Mark Hamill. Luke's character would have been pretty passive here (similar to Obi-Wan). That first idea doesn't suit with later-upcoming ideas, which constantly changed in progress of the saga because they had originally been made before the production start of "The Empire Strikes Back". This movie and "Return Of The Jedi" changed the basic idea very much (please find about the original concept of "The Empire Strikes Back" in the following two passages).
Gary Kurtz, producer of "Star Wars"
and "The Empire Strikes Back", mentioned on a Sci-Fi convention in Houton, Texas that the upcoming episodes were about Luke Skywalker's way to a Jedi Master and founder of a new Jedi order. Furthermore he was going to go on the quest for his sister (at that time it wasn't Leia) and finally face the Emperor in a magnificant final sequence (Vader would have died in Episode VI). As already mentioned, the schedule for "Return Of The Jedi" was entirely different here. Han was supposed to die, Leia should beome the Queen, the Ewoks weren't planned (instead the Wookies were involved) and the seond Death Star wasn't even mentioned. The scheduled nine-part series - state: pre-production of "The Empire Strikes Back" would have been looking like that (more or less):
Episode I: A movie about the old Jediorder
Episode II: Introduction of Obi-Wan Kenobi (Training, adventures etc.)
Episode III: Introduction of Anakin Skywalker (Rise and fall)
Episode IV: -
Episode V: -
Episode VI: Leia becomes Queen, Han dies. At the end, Luke destroys Darth Vader and travels through the galaxy as the one and only Jedi.
Episode VII: Luke's life and adventures as a Jedi. The Empire still exists, so does the Emperor.
Episode VIII: Luke on the quest for his sister (not Leia).
Episode IX: As grand finale, Jedi Master Luke faces the Emperor and destroys him - ultimate fall of the Empire.
As we all know, things didn't turn out the way they expected. Many plot elements for the final trilogy are sumarized in Episode VI (Luke's sister, the Emperor's death etc.). After a tough divorce, several personal setbacks and another very successful franchise (Indiana Jones), Lucas decided to change his entire life. He didn't want to spend all the time with "Star Wars"
any more - especially because he still had to shoot an entire trilogy (the prequels). There isn't going to be another trilogy. That's for sure and has already been confirmed by Lucas.
"I get asked all the time, what happens after Return of the Jedi? And there really is no answer for that. The movies were the story of Anakin Skywalker and Luke Skywalker, and when Luke saves the galaxy and redeems his father, that's where that story ends."
II. b) Screenplays
- George Lucas, 2007
Contrary to the previous film, the basic structure of "The Empire Strikes Back" was always the same: the rebels are being driven away by Hoth, our hero-troup is separated. Luke flies to Dagobah and meets Yoda, who trains him. Han, Chewie, Leia and the two droids stray through space until they alledgedly finally find shelter in Bespin. There, they are betrayed by Lando, though (for his city's benefit) and Han Solo is frozen in carbonite, while Luke faces Vader, who tells him a terrible secret. This basic structure was not worked on a lot except for the exact procedure and some changes in priorities – there are little significant differences in the several screenplays, though, which are quite important for the direction of the saga.
The saga's paternity-problem should be known among all the fans by now – because one of the biggest and most famous plot twists in the history of cinema was originally thought to be much less shockingly. Vader's famous words "No, I am your father!"
were not even shot – which lets many fans to believe that the idea of Vader's unhoped for paternity came up late in the post-production, during the scoring. This isn't right, though. It is true that Vader should tell Luke at first that Obi-Wan murdered his father, but the idea of his paternity occured to Lawrence Kasdan while manufacturing the last version of the screenplay. So it is not George Lucas'. What today sounds like an ingenious idea (but is not a shock-moment any more since the prequels have been released), was not necessarily appreciated by the fans at the time, the very first fans, so to speak. Back then, there were also discussion inside the fandom and many didn't want to accept that Vader was really Luke's father – or even a human being. Even James Earl Jones, Darth Vader's voiceover, was convinced that Vader was lying in his favor.
Luke's training scene on Dagobah, in which he meets Darth Vader in a dark vision, was therefore also planned differently. Here, Vader talked to Luke and tried to drive a wedge between his friends and him. He knew about his love to Leia and how Han was going to try to destroy it. If he followed Vader, they could rule the galaxy together. Apart from the fact Leia was not Luke's sister here, yet, this is a really interesting concept, which was reused for the prequels in a very similar form.
Due to the fact that Vader was now officially Luke Skywalker's father, other concepts had to be canceled. Luke's way to Dagobah was different in early versions of the screenplay. In the first version, he found a crystal in his lightsword, which basically showed him the way to Dagobah. In another version of the script, it was his own father who appeared to him as a Jedi-ghost, showed the way to Yoda and also reported about him having a sister who would already be trained to be a Jedi somewhere in the galaxy, until Obi-Wan took that part completely and appeared to Luke himself.
Neither was the emperor originally part of the plot. Even though he was already mentioned in the previous film, his entire personality was only supposed to be a mysterious shadow behind all the films, until finally emerging some day. Vader's holograph-talk, which is now lead with the emperor, was originally held with a certain Vizier Morlock (Full role name: Sate Morlock, Grand Vizier to his eminence the Emperor), one of the emperor's direct representatives. Since it would have degraded Vader's position of might to stand below yet another person next to the emperor, this role was canceled and directly introduced the galaxy's evil omnipotence. He was not originally called Palpatine (and is never named in the original trilogy – only mentioned in the ending credits), but had different names, such as mentioned-above Sate Morlock or Sate Pestage.
The loveplay between Han and Leia was originally designed a little differently. When they want to kiss on board of the Millenium Falcon, suddenly C-3PO bursts in and hinders this through his presence. Originally, this was Chewbacce – intentionally, according to C-3PO, because the love interest would make their mutual adventures harder. A jealous Wookiee? This idea was fortunately dropped...
Another idea that should already indicate to the planned prequels, was, that Lando Calrissian, here still under the name of Lando Kadar, was a former soldier of the clone wars, and Leia thus principally does not trust him, because he was a clone of whose father, according to his statement had many (cloned) sons (thus own replicas). This idea is found in bounty hunter Bobba Fett in the prequels, who is in the end also just a clonge of his father Jango Fett. Fett is now basically the Superfather of all clones – whereas the Lando-scene allows to speculate there were originally many different clone-fathers...
II. c) Further concepts
Of course, there were many different conceptional drawings made for "The Empire Strikes Back". Some of them reveal dropped plot-elements, others point to a completely different visual direction, which would continue the rather fairytale-like character of its predecessor.
A large part of the concept drawings originate from designing-legend Ralph McQuarrie (a visit to his Website
is a must for any filmfan). McQuarrie managed to do almost on his own what entire designing-teams are responsible for nowadays. Nearly the entire design of the "Star Wars"-universe is based on his concepts and drawing. How much his layouts influenced the film is not only visible in the design, but also the perspectives and shots he chose.
His drawings were partly used unalteredly for the finished films. Of course, MacQuarrie did not only work on the "Star Wars"-saga, but was also involved in the designs of films and series like "Battlestar Galactica", "Back to the Future", "Cocoon", "Star Trek", "Masters of the Universe" and "Raiders of the Lost Ark".
Yoda: Yoda was conceived by British Makeup-artist Stuart Freeborn. Later, the team around Frank Oz, that were responsible for the animatronics, took slight changes to make the puppet more realistic. Freeborn's original design does not differ a lot from the finished puppet used in the film. Yoda was always planned as a small, ancient gnome and wise hobgoblin in personal-union. His skin color was blue in the beginning, though – which was adopted in the Marvel comicbook-adaptation (he is also described as a blue little creature in the original novel).
Dagobah: Yoda's shack on Dagobah was originally intended to have something sacral about it. When Lucas then decided that Jedi are rather committed to lack of possessions and humbleness, the design was adjusted.
Hoth: Die Rebellbasis auf Hoth sollte ursprünglich wie eine einzig große Eisfestung wirken. Die Schlacht hingegen wurde auch mit Tauntauns geführt - die anscheinend ursprünglich ein weitaus aggressiveres und wilderes Design besaßen.
Boba Fett also had to go through several design-phases, while the film-design shows great resemblence to almost all concept drawings, apart from a few early exceptions. It was just not clear what colors to use, so most concepts remained colorless. Boba Fett had his first (animated) appearance in the notorious „Star Wars Holiday Special“
- according to rumors, the painters at the time painted his clothes, so this was simply taken over. Other sources claim that the colorless clothes had been a hint to his (clone-)origin and thus, a reference to the Stormtroopers.
Snowtrooper:The Snowtroopers' design was also going through several phases. It is interesting to see that the right design was not Ralph McQuarrie's, but made for the current series "The Clone Wars". McQuarrie's unused design-layouts (left) for "The Empire Strikes Back" were dug out almost thirty years later, to use them as template for an early version of the (cloned) Snowtrooper.
Bespin:Bespin, Lando Calrissian's free city, was originally concepted a little more abundantly. Most of the exterior shots were canceled because of a lack of money. Only in the Special Edition, Lucas was able to get a little closer to this imagination.
By now, there are several different official versions of "The Empire Strikes Back" - if you compare them to each other, they mostly only offer minor differences. The most important of these versions are the original Theatrical Version, the Special Edition and the DVD-Release from 2004. The DVD released in 2006 is actually based on the THX-Edition from 1995, therefore it's not listed seperately.
|III. a) 70mm Theatrical Version (1980)|
Runtime: 122 minutes (PAL)
The official Theatrical Version of „The Empire Strikes Back“ was released worldwide in 1980 and is amongst fans often known as the original version - all the other versions were oriented towards the Theatrical Version. However, there are 2 different versions - the 35mm version (that was shown worldwide) and the 70mm version (which was especially shown in the USA). The 70mm version is crucially different from the 35mm version: there were several auditory changes (several sentences were deleted, some soundeffects were revised,...). Also, there were some visual changes: For example, the Emperor's hologram was not faded in when Darth Vader enters the room but it is already there (a sensible change, the master assuredly wouldn't wait for his student to show up). They also replaced direct cuts with the typical Star Wars-dissolve and replaced several close up shots with long shots. Unfortunately, only few old celluloid copies of the 70mm version survived.
|III. b) Super 8 (1981)|
Länge: ? minutes
1980 - a time when the videorecorders have not had their breakthrough moment yet, watching movies in the Super-8-format was a (not really cheap) possibility to watch movies without going to a cinema (keep in mind - most of the movies were not rerun in cinemas). Therefore, a few movies were released in on Super 8. However, there's a cathc - a super 8 film role contains 110 - 120 meters of footage at max - in other words, a runtime of 15 minutes. Therefore, the studios had to re-cut the movies (in the case of "The Empire Strikes Back" they hat to cut away complete storylines to trim the movies runtime down to a few minutes). These versions are mostly unicums - yet still, they are (often unknown) official versions of the movie. An example for a Super 8 version of "The Emprie Strikes Back" ist the German Super 8 released by Marketing-Film in 1981. Here, the studio decided to mainly cut away storylines of the second part of the movie. Of course, this version can not at all do justice to the complex plot with its different locations and long timeframe. The Marketing-Film Super 8 was one of the last (German?) Star Wars versions released on Super 8.
|III. c) VHS (1981 - 1997)|
Runtime: 122 minutes (PAL)
Between 1981 and 1997, "The Empire Strikes Back" was released several times on VHS. These versions are all pretty much identical and only offer minor differences when compared to each other. One of the biggest differences can be found on the last Theatrical Version release - the THX-Edition. For this release, the original footage was completely revised and enhanced. By the standards of the time, the movies seemed to shine like new.
|III. d) Special Edition (1997)|
Runtime: 119 minutes (PAL)
In 1997, George Lucas solemnly re-released the complete (original) trilogy of Star Wars. All three movies of the original trilogy were not only re-released on VHS but also rerun in cinemas to celebrate the first movies 20th anniversary. These versions (still to this day) offer the most drastic changes to the movies ever made. They were shown in theatres, released and re-released several times, and (of course) shown on TV countless times.
Even though all the updates of the visual effects were meant to reduce the gap between the old and the new trilogy, many of the old fans (who were fortunate enough to see the original Theatrical Versions in theatres) were very disappointed of the Special Edition - even though the changes in "The Empire Strikes Back" are almost unnoticable in comparison to the changes of the first Star Wars movie. The biggest change in "The Empire Strikes Back" is probably the digitally enhanced Cloud City that now looks more crowded and aliveGrößte Änderung stellt die Wolkenstadt Bespin dar, die durch viele digitale Neuerungen weitaus belebter wirkt. This report will concentrate on this version.
|III. e) DVD (2004)|
Runtime: 119 minutes (PAL)
In 2004, the original Star Wars trilogy was finally released on DVD. Again, changes were made. However, in comparison to the Special Edition, these changes are almost unnoticeable. The biggest difference is the digitally enhanced image which was sophisticatedly restored and partially updated/changed in color. Additionally, the conversation between Darth Vader and the Emperor was changed - now, Ian McDiarmid is also the Emperor in "The Empire Strikes Back".
|III. f) Future Releases (Information as of December 2009)|
Runtime: - minutes
Lucasfilm already announced further releases of the Star Wars Saga. As soon as the format is established, they plan to release the movies on Blu-Ray (following the same strategy as with the DVD-release). Also, they in 2006 announced that there will be a 3D-version of the movies. They are planned to be released in theatres worldwide for the 30th anniversary of Star Wars. If the movies will be changed any further can't be predicted.
There also exist infamous deleted scenes for "The Empire Strikes Back", but they are not numerous. The shooting-script is almost identical to the finished movie and thus, most deleted scenes are found in the first plot arc on Hoth.
IV. a) Luke's healing
Shortly after the end of shooting for "Star Wars"
Skywalker-actor Mark Hamill was involved in an accident of no fault of his own, which left a few scars in his face. This made it impossible for Lucas to reshoot any scenes, which he verifiably intended to. For the sequel, on the other hand, it was possible to include the face injuries sensibly into the story, by having a Wampa attack him on the ice planet Hoth. Only after he managed to escape, his face was completely visible. Luke's healing process was originally much longer and also dwelled on the facial injuries explicitly.
[Luke is hanging in the Bacta-tank while Han, Chewie, Leia and R2-D2 and C-3PO watch him.]
Luke: „Watch out... snow creatures... dangerous... Yoda... go to Yoda... only hope... must survive!“
[Chewie roars confusedly..]
Han Solo: „He doesn't make sense to me either, Chewie.“
C-3PO: „I do hope he's all there! If you take my meaning. I would hate to see Master Luke develop a short circuit.“
Han Solo: „The kid ran into something mean, and it wasn't the cold.“
Leia: „Those creatures he keeps talking about - we'd better double the security! Han, I don't know how...“
Han Solo: „Forget it.“
[The medicine-droid 2-1B enters the room.]
2-1B: „He had gone into dormo-shock, almost hibernation. But he's responding to the Bacta. We'll bring him through.“
Leia: „Now all we've got to worry about is what attacked him.“
Han Solo: „No kidding. If this snowball's got nasty natives, they could be anywhere.“
[Chewie roars worriedly.]
Han Solo: „That's right, Chewie, inside the base.“
This scene is at hand at large parts, but the dialogue was removed. This served as attunement for another plot line which had been cut completely.
Leia: „The Bacta are growing well. The scars should be gone in a day or so. Does it still hurt?“
Luke: „I'm fine. Really. Leia, when I was out there and it looked pretty bad... Well, it made me think about things.“
Leia: „Me too. I was afraid.“
Luke: „I don't really know how to say this... I never have before... Leia, you know how I feel about you...“
[Leia and Luke come closer to each other, want to kiss – but suddenly R2-D2 and C-3PO burst into the room.]
C-3PO: „Master Luke, it's so good to see you functional again.“
Luke: „Thanks, Threepio. Leia...“
C-3PO: „Artoo expresses his relief also.“
Luke: „Good. Thanks, Artoo.“
[Leia wants to leave the room.]
Leia: „You rest now.“
C-3PO: „So much has happened during the period of your indisposition, sir.“
Leia: „I'll be back later.“
Luke: „Leia, what would you think if I went away for a while?“
Leia: „What did you say?! Where are you going?“
Luke: „I have this... feeling. I'm not sure, really...“
Leia: „That's just great. Why doesn't everyone just take off?“
Luke: „What are you talking about?“
Leia: „First Han, now you. When am I going to learn not to count on anyone but myself?“
Luke: „Han's leaving?“
Leia: „I was getting along just fine before I met you two moon jockeys.“
Luke: „Calm down, will ya? Tell me about Han.“
Leia: „He wants to pay off that criminal he's in hock to.“
Luke: „Jabba the Hutt?“
Leia: „I could get more loyalty if I went down the hall and recruited some of those snow creatures.“
Luke: „Snow creatures? They're here?!“
C-3PO: „Yes, sir. But they're being trapped quite cleverly....“
[R-2 beeps away to himself.]
C-3PO: „What do you mean, you took care of that? I would hardly call your part in that matter great...“
In the end, it is good this scene was cut out – especially when looked at in the context of the entire saga. Luke and Leia are siblings – this was arleady established in "Return of the Jedi". Having their affection for each other become deeper like this would have a strange aftertaste. There still is a scene in which Luke and Leia come closer to each other left in the current version, but thankfully, there is room for interpretation. Unfortunately, though, C-3PO's line about the captured Wampas was cut out, too, so all the scenes that were built on that line had to go as well...
IV. b) Wampage!
As just mentioned, a horde of Wampas invaded the rebel base, attacked some rebels and earlier killed several Tauntauns. Finally, the Wampas could have been locked up behind a guard door. When the imperial Snowtroopers stormed the base, they open this door – naturally not knowing that the Wampas are behind there.
[The rebels find three dead Tauntauns inside their base. They determine their necks had been broken and wonder who had done this.]
[The same scene from the Marvel-comicbook-adaptation.]
[Wampas invade the rebel base, they are lured into a room with an audio signal and locked up.]
[The same scene from the Marvel-comicbook-adaptation.]
[The case is being analyzed in the command center.]
Leia: „Have they analyzed the one that was killed?“
General Rieekan:< i>„Not yet. They're working on it now.“
[Another alarm sounds – the Wampas seem to have raided the entire base.]
Soldat: „It won't be long before our sensors will be able to track them.“
C-3PO: „It figures Artoo would be in the middle of this.“
Han Solo: „It's going to be a little tricky around here until we know where they're coming from.“
[As the imperial Snowtroopers storm the rebela base, C-3PO and R2-D2 come across the door that locks in the Wampas.]
C-3PO: „It seems the snow creatures are attracted to a high-pitched whistle. That's how they're being drawn to this trap.“
[R2 beeps scaredly.]
C-3PO: „See your whistles upset them. No, I told you they can't get out! Now will you hurry up? I don't know why I bother.“
[R2 rolls on, after a short moment, C-3PO rips the warning sign off the door.]
[The Snowtroopers open the door and step into the room – their doom.]
This scene missing is a real shame, because it has a certain comedic effect concerning the Snowtroopers which brightens the rather dark film a little, and establishes the the Wampas as Hoth's aboriginees by their renewed and numerous appearance. At least this would have been one of the conclusions out of that. Thus, there only appears one Wampa in the current version that attacks Luke and abducts him – which degrades it to a simple monster of the moment. This is not right, though. There are several Wampas, they live on Hoth and defend their habitat relatively effectively.
It is interesting that this entire plot line had been implemented very cautiously as an integral part of the story – beginning with Han's commet during Luke's Bacta-tank-healing(„The kid ran into something mean, and it wasn't the cold. [...] If this snowball's got nasty natives, they could be anywhere.“
) and the mysterious Tauntun-killings up to C-3PO's deadly trap for the Snowtroopers. Since the empire was already the ultimate threat from outside, the Wampas were rather unnecessary as additional danger from the inside – especially since the current complete plot line on Hoth, which essentially serves as an introduction, is only ended after 35 minutes. The Wampa-scenes would have delayed the actual plot in their sum for several minutes.
Photographs of this entire storyline can be looked at on the CD-Rom "Behind the Magic", a short extract of that was also shown in one of the numerous trailers. This plot line is also contained in the Marvel-comicbook-adaptation – but not in the novel.
IV. c) The Sky over Bespin
After Leia has become aware of Luke's cry for help, Chewie and Lando decide again to fly back to Bespin. There, they find injured Luke, holding on to a steel framework with his last strength. Lando gets him back through a shaft. This scene was slightly longer, originally you saw Lando fighting the strong gust of wind and tries to drag Luke on board.
A scene, that was probably cut to improve the pace. It would have built up more (unnecessary) tension and, in that way, delayed the further storyline, which is now finalizing.
IV. d) More scenes and alternative shots
Of course, there are other short shots, scenes and dialogues in "The Empire Strikes Back" that were cut out. Among others, Luke was allowed to turn to a laser-cannon during the defense of the rebel base. Also, General Veers, an AT-AT-commander, was to have a spectacular silver-screen death. He found his death in a Kamikaze-attack of rebel Derek "Hobbie" Klivian – at least that's what the official novel describes. Hobbie himself survives in the film, though, and is now also part of the expanded universe (a.o. He appears in the Thrawn-trilogy, which takes place after "Return of the Jedi").
In another longer scene, Darth Vader asks during the arrival on Hoth, whether there were any rebels left in the base. A Snowtrooper denies this.
Han's and Leia's loveplay on Bespin was a little longer, too – here, Han pushes Leia a little with his charming-not charming manner, to get to home base. Successfully, mind you.
Han Solo's famous "I know."
was improvised by Harrison Ford, by the way – actually he was supposed to respond to Leia's declaration of love with "I love you, too!"
, which was also shot. This sounded too corny for a dashing space-hero, which is why director Irvin Kershner give Harrison Ford the freedom to improvise.
V. a) Comparison of the images
The image has been completely modified for the Special Edition. Contrast and colors are adjusted and different. Furthermore the original copies have been scanned for the modification. That means the old SFX look different now so that the CG shots are considered new or renewed. Another aspect is the different image section in a couple of scenes.
Note: The Special Edition was only available on VHS (besides a limited Laser Disc release) while the footage orignates from the Theatrical Version on DVD.
Here a tiny comparison between the old Theatrical Version (on the left) and the Special Edition (on the right).
As already mentioned, a new image section has been chosen for many (not all) scenes. The Special Edition usually contains more information, but there are also a few scenes with less information in the Special Edition.
Two scenes as an example. The image of the Theatrical Version has been combined with the image of the Special Edition:
The modified images aren't going to be mentioned any more.
V. b) Cuts
The actual comparison. Here all new, modified or extended scenes are being listed.
V. c) Modifications
Old SFX have been modified for the Special Edition, but replaced by CG shots. That goes escpecially for the rims of the space ships and the old Bluescreen footage.
Those differences don't find further consideration in the comparison.
For the Special Edition, the footage itself got new CG backgrounds and characters, some scenes are even entirely new. Those differences are massive, but the content of the scenes often remains unchanged. That's why the running time is equal, too.
Find three examples for a better understanding:
New elements: At the arrival in Bespin, space ships, people and new background have been added.
Extended scenes: The flight of the Falcon is not only more spectacular staged but also longer due to new shots and new elements in the image.
V. d) Audio differences
Here and there some new dialogs have been insert for the Special Edition from 1997, other dialogs are slightly different. The running time of these scenes remains unchanged.